A POLICY & PLAN FRAMEWORK FOR NATURAL SURFACE TRAILS IN THE CITY OF ASHEVILLE, NORTH CAROLINA
What is Asheville Unpaved?
Asheville Unpaved is a community-supported initiative, led by Asheville on Bikes, Pisgah Area SORBA, Connect Buncombe, and the City of Asheville, dedicated to building a network of multi-use natural surface trails that will help Asheville-area residents and visitors connect with one another, their natural environment, and their city. Users can access this unpaved trail system via greenway, sidewalks, bike lanes, and trailheads, providing “front door” access to trails. Additionally, these trails will connect to the city’s existing transportation network, helping people increase mobility and move away from car dependency. The trails system’s greatest feature will be the quick and easy connectivity it provides users to neighborhoods and commerce (imagine biking from your home to your favorite bike + coffee shops, restaurants, and breweries).
Benefits provided by Asheville Unpaved
Asheville Unpaved will provide residents and visitors with the following benefits:
- Front door trail access: No longer will residents and visitors have to drive 30 minutes to visit world-class trails. Instead, users will be able to go from their front door to the trail without a vehicle.
- Equitable access: Trails will be developed in Asheville’s natural lands and parks, campuses, and urban areas, and spread equitably across the city.
- More trail miles for fewer dollars: Natural surface trails can be one of the cheapest public investments for the greatest returns. Trails are 35 times cheaper to build than greenways. They can serve as precursors to greenways being built, or utilize lands where greenways would be too costly to build.
- Minimal climate footprint: Natural surface trails can connect neighborhoods, greenways, and urban centers without creating the climate footprint associated with paved trails.
- Sustainably designed and built: Asheville Unpaved’s trails will be sustainably designed and built for minimal environmental impact and maximum use.
- Improved health and wellness: Trails can play a critical role in physical and mental health.
- Increased sense of community and equity: Asheville Unpaved will be community-supported. With this comes collaboration, community service, and socialization. This system will provide opportunities for chance encounters, new friendships, and programmed activities. Users of these trails will include community members who have little access to the popular trail opportunities on the outskirts of Asheville, including urban school children who don’t have trail access, those with disabilities that are given adaptive equipment to ride trails, and neighborhoods that are currently unsafe for walking. Asheville Unpaved will prioritize opportunities that provide the greatest benefit for equity, including opportunities to partner with neighborhoods that lack basic walking and biking infrastructure.
- Positive economic impact: Trails are proven to have a huge return on investment (ROI) seeing huge economic returns per the low cost of infrastructure, spurred business growth, and health savings cost. Two case studies of Southern communities that have seen a tremendous ROI from trails can be read about in National Context further below.
Why is Asheville Unpaved Needed Now?
WNC is a haven of outdoor activity; nearly half a million mountain bikers visit the nearby Pisgah National Forest each year, many of which hail from the Asheville metro area. However, lack of a car and a bike rack are enough barriers to prevent people from accessing trials. The AVL Unpaved system allows residents to connect to the trail system via neighbor streets. We call this improved access “front door access.”
Additionally, the COVID-19 pandemic has emphasized the need and demand for outdoor recreation. As such, the need for more trails in the Asheville area is more apparent than ever before.
Who is involved in the Asheville Unpaved Alliance?
Asheville Unpaved is a public-private partnership led by Asheville on Bikes, Pisgah Area SORBA, Connect Buncombe and the City of Asheville. This alliance has funded the AVL Unpaved’s phase I alignments and the upcoming round of public engagement. Future alliance partners are critical to AVL Unpaved’s success. As this project requires trail’s planning, funding, design, construction, stewardship, and activation of use.
Goals of the Asheville Unpaved Alliance
The Asheville Unpaved Alliance envisions the following goals for Asheville Unpaved:
- Trails serve as well-utilized transportation and recreation facilities. Trails serve the need of connecting neighborhoods, utilizing public space, and providing immediate access to quality trail experiences without the need of an automobile.
- Trails are built for sustainability. Trails built with proven construction techniques make them last longer with less maintenance. These same techniques make them more accessible to a broader population of people of varying abilities.
- Projects are equitable and meet the greatest need. Priority projects will benefit the greatest amount of people and those most in need of trail access. The city-led public process will engage the public on trail projects on underutilized city-owned properties. Neighborhood groups or private landowners can work with the Asheville Unpaved Alliance to achieve shorter neighborhood trail connections.
Phase I: Proposed Projects
The following two connectivity maps show the phase one alignments and how they connect to each other via existing road networks and future planned greenways:
Trail Hubs and Neighborhood Connectors are two classes of trail development that vary in purpose and method for implementation. The following is a description of these classes, their purpose, and characteristics:
- Purpose: To utilize public space for greater trail and recreation access on public lands. Hub trails can maximize use of space with “stacked” trail loops and can connect multiple destinations. The trail is designed to be the destination, may be more indirect, or have routes that serve as more direct transportation.
- Need: Hubs will take advantage of underutilized public space. Hubs can occur along greenway corridors either by building the trail adjacent to the planned greenway for a looped system or designing the trail to be an interim connection prior to the greenway being built.
- Partners: City, county, and/or state governments and Asheville Unpaved Task Force partners.
- Considerations: Design (level of difficulty and designing multi-use trails that reduce conflict), ADA requirements, MOUs needed, designing stacked looped systems, accessing multiple recreation destinations.
- Purpose: To create neighborhood connections through private properties for quicker and more natural access. This provides an alternative route to get through neighborhoods. This may provide a shortcut, it might create a shorter connection (i.e. connecting two cul de sacs), it might just be nicer to walk in the woods than on the street.
- Need: Many neighborhoods in Asheville currently have community trails that are used to access through neighborhoods. This would allow for formalizing that access or to explore opportunities for new connectivity. The benefits would be less burden on the individual property owners via organized maintenance and freedom of liability in the chance of injury.
- Partners: Neighborhood organizations, private entities, city and/or county governments, Asheville Unpaved Task Force partners.
- Considerations: Design (level of difficulty), ADA* requirements, easements for public use, MOUs needed, funding opportunities.
The Asheville Unpaved Hubs and Neighborhood Connectors Map
The following maps indicate where hubs and neighborhood connectors are considered. Future trail projects are not limited to what is on this map, but should fall within the framework.
Asheville Unpaved is not a static natural surface trail plan, but a vision and framework open to opportunity and community collaboration.
We welcome all input from members of the Asheville community. If you are an Asheville resident and you wish to provide feedback or suggestions for the Asheville Unpaved plan, please email firstname.lastname@example.org or fill out the contact form below.
Schedule a Presentation
AoB will happily participate in your upcoming meeting to present on AVL Unpaved. If you’d like for AVL Unpaved to be included in your upcoming agenda, fill out this form to schedule. We can do either in person or virtual.